What is Traumatic Brain Injury?
Traumatic Brain Injury refers to a disruption in brain function caused by an external trauma or force impact, usually a violent blow to the head. Traumatic brain injury occurs most often as a result of a high-impact sports injury or car accident. Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury, or TBI, can be immediate or delayed and may include disorientation, blurred vision, and can cause difficulty with attention span or focus. Infants may cry persistently or act agitated.
Traumatic brain injuries are serious and can cause permanent damage if left untreated. In some cases, a traumatic brain injury can lead to coma or death.
How is Traumatic Brain Injury Treated?
- Physical therapy – to actively improve strength, core balance, stability, and flexbility
- Occupational therapy – to restore everyday tasks and functional to the patient’s life
- Speech therapy – to rehabilitate loss of communication
- Psychological counseling – to treat the mental health of the patient with coping and loss of identity
- Vocational counseling – to help aid and focus the person to return to work
- Cognitive therapy – to improve memory, attention, perception, learning, planning, and judgment
Neurological physicians may recommend surgical interventions to alleviate any life-threatening ailments or symptoms. Options for surgeries include craniectomy to remove the damaged bone or bone fragments, evacuation of hematoma, dura repair and ICP monitoring.